Signals with parameters

Functions taking no parameters and returning void are quite useful, especially when they're members of classes that can store unlimited amounts of safely typed data, but they're not sufficient for everything.

What if aliens don't land in the carpark, but somewhere else? Let's modify the example so that the callback function takes a std::string with the location in which aliens were detected.

I change my class to:

class AlienDetector

    void run();

    sigc::signal<void(std::string)> signal_detected;	// changed

The only line I had to change was the signal line (in run() I need to change my code to supply the argument when I emit the signal too, but that's not shown here).

The name of the type is 'sigc::signal'. The template parameters are the return type, then the argument types in parentheses. (The parentheses are necessary in libsigc++3. libsigc++2 also accepts a different syntax, with a comma between the return type and the parameter types. That syntax is deprecated, though.)

The types in the function signature are in the same order as the template parameters, eg:

    void function(std::string foo);

So now you can update your alerter (for simplicity, lets go back to the free-standing function version):

void warn_people(std::string where)
    std::cout << "There are aliens in " << where << "!" << std::endl;

int main()
    AlienDetector mydetector;
    mydetector.signal_detected.connect( sigc::ptr_fun(warn_people) );;

    return 0;